*This article aims to show you the simplest and easiest way to write the **arrow symbols in LaTeX**.*

It is pretty common to encounter arrows in multiple presentations, LaTeX is familiar with arrows too, that is why today you will learn how to insert arrows in your documents.

**Arrow Symbol in LaTex**

I would like to start by saying, there are A LOT of arrows, different shapes, sizes, forms, thickness, etc. Thus we will focus on the most common arrows you may end up using on a daily basis with LaTeX.Â

Most of the time the Arrow Symbols can be used in equations, text, tables and so on, but always using the math mode.Â For example

```
\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
$$f(x) \rightarrow mx + b$$
$$x \Rightarrow a + f(b)$$
\end{document}
```

Now to create any LaTeX arrow symbol in LaTeX you have the option to not use packages, LaTeX has some built-in commands for arrow symbols. You will see some of the most common LaTeX commands.

**Vertical Arrow Symbols**

Starting with the vertical direction for the arrows, the following table contains the commands and some examples.

Arrow Style | LaTeX Command |

UpÂ | \uparrow |

Up doubleÂ | \Uparrow |

DownÂ | \downarrow |

Down doubleÂ | \Downarrow |

Up and downÂ | \updownarrow |

Double up and down | \Updownarrow |

```
\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
\begin{align*}
&\bullet \text{Up arrow} \,\, \uparrow \\
&\bullet \text{Down arrow} \,\, \downarrow \\
&\bullet \text{Long Up double arrow} \,\, \big\Uparrow \\
&\bullet \text{Long Down double arrow} \,\, \big\Downarrow \\
&\bullet \text{Up and down arrow} \,\, \updownarrow \\
&\bullet \text{Double Up and down arrow} \,\, \Updownarrow
\end{align*}
```

\end{document}

The \big command you see in before some commands, is to make long arrows, and \bullet to create the black dot; this code gives the output

**Left and Right Arrow**

Moving on to horizontal arrows, either right or left arrow, we have left and right for most of the arrows.

Arrow Style | LaTeX Command |

LeftÂ | \leftarrow |

Double left | \Leftarrow |

Right | \rightarrow |

Double right | \Rightarrow |

Left and Right | \leftrightarrow |

Double Left and Right | \Leftrightarrow |

If and only If | \Leftrightarrow |

```
\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
\begin{align*}
&\bullet \text{Left arrow} \,\, \leftarrow \\
&\bullet \text{Double Left arrow} \,\, \Longleftarrow \\
&\bullet \text{Right arrow} \,\, \longrightarrow \\
&\bullet \text{Double Right arrow} \,\, \Longrightarrow \\
&\bullet \text{Left and Right arrow} \,\, \leftrightarrow \\
&\bullet \text{If and only if arrow} \,\, \iff \, \text{or}\,\Longleftrightarrow
\end{align*}
\end{document}
```

The last arrow has two commands either \**iff** or \**Longleftrightarrow**. Please notice that if you want to create a longer symbol depending on whether you are using single or double arrow, for the longer single arrow you need \**long**[left or right]arrow, and for the longer double arrow \**Long**[left or right]arrow.

**Diagonal Arrow Symbols**

Surprisingly LaTeX has diagonal and directional symbols integrated, the commands are quite obvious if you are familiar with the cardinal points.

Arrow Style | LaTeX Command |

North East | \nearrow |

North WesT | \nwarrow |

South East | \searrow |

South West | \swarrow |

```
\begin{document}
\begin{align*}
&\bullet \text{North East} \,\, \nearrow \\
&\bullet \text{North West} \,\, \nwarrow \\
&\bullet \text{South East} \,\, \searrow \\
&\bullet \text{South West} \,\, \swarrow
\end{align*}
\end{document}
```

**More Arrows Symbols with packages**

There is a method if you want to write the arrows symbol in text mode, loading the textcomp package. The commands are just the same but you need to add \**text** right before the name of the arrow, \**text**[left, right, up, down]**arrow**.Â

For example

```
\usepackage{textcomp}
\begin{document}
\item Up arrow \textuparrow or down arrow \textdownarrow
\item Left arrow \textleftarrow or right arrow \textrightarrow
\end{document}
```

These are the most common arrows symbols you may encounter and will write, but remember, there is an entire universe of arrows out there in LaTeX.

I hope this post was helpful in guiding you in LaTeX, and as always keep writing in LaTeX.

*All the images were created in LaTeX by the author.*

**Further Reading**

**LaTex Tutorial** **on Symbols**

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