18 Famous Rocket Scientists That You Should Know

18 Famous Rocket Scientists That You Should Know

This post may contain affiliate links that allow us to earn a commission at no expense to you. Learn more

To celebrate scientists and scientific advancements, we have collected a list of the most famous rocket scientists that will inspire us for the greater good.

When it comes to the world of science, we tend to think of math and the physical sciences. We imagine dark laboratories with unpronounceable equations on a chalkboard. 

And while those fields are important, there is another valued group of scientists who also deserve our attention and praise.

In this blog post, we provide you with an overview of the people who have contributed greatly to the development of space science and rocket science. 

Here we have a list of 18 famous rocket scientists whose works have played a crucial role in shaping today’s rocket science and technologies.

Famous Rocket Scientists

#18. Homer Hickam (1943-Present): Author of Rocket Boys, Which Inspired The Film October Sky

Famous Rocket Scientists; Credits: Harper Collins Publishers
Credits: Harper Collins Publishers

What makes Homer Hickam famous?

Homer Hickam is an American war veteran, author, and NASA engineer. He is notable for training the first batch of Japanese astronauts. 

He is also the author of Rocket Boys, a bestselling memoir. This book was the source material for the movie October Sky

It tells the story of Hickam’s life growing up in Coalwood, West Virginia. The movie was directed by Joe Johnston and starred Jake Gyllenhaal as Homer Hickam.

[Source: Wikipedia]

#17. Konrad Dannenberg (1912-2009): A Rocket Pioneer

Credits: The Guardian; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: The Guardian

What makes Konrad Dannenberg famous?

Konrad Dannenberg was a rocket scientist and engineer who was born in Germany. He is best known for his work on ballistic missile rocket engines. He worked on the V-2 rocket, a German ballistic missile. This was the first human-made object to reach space.

Dannenberg was one of the 118 German scientists to move to America during Operation Paperclip. He helped develop rockets for ballistic missiles and was later involved in NASA’s Saturn program.

[Source: NASA]

#16. Eugen Sanger (1905-1964): A Pioneer in Rocket Science

Credits: Popular Science; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: Popular Science

What makes Eugen Sanger famous?

Eugen Sanger was an Austrian engineer who worked in space. He is best known for his work on ramjet and lifting body technologies in rocket science.

He spent a lot of his life working on airplane and rocket propulsion systems, a field in which he was one of the first people to work in. Sanger was also one of the first scientists to research ramjets or supersonic intake systems. Ramjets speed up quickly without burning fuel, which lets them go very fast with very little fuel.

The most famous thing that Sanger made was a model of a rocket-powered plane that used a ramjet engine instead of regular jet engines to move. The plane was never mass-produced, but it inspired other engineers to do their experiments with Ramjets.

[Source: Encyclopedia Britannica]

Similar Articles:

#15. James Hart Wyld (1912-1954): An Engineer, Rocket Scientist, & Founder

Credits: Britannica; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: Britannica

What makes James Hart Wyld famous?

James Hart Wyld was an American rocket engineer who specialized in rocket design. His research revolutionized rocket technology. It helped come up with a way to keep a rocket cool that paved the way for modern rocket motors.

Wyld helped establish the first US commercial rocketry company, making him one of the most important figures in early space flight and rocketry.

[Source: Encyclopedia Britannica]

#14. Helmut Grottrup (1916-1981): A Rocket & Computer Science Pioneer

Credits: DANK Haus; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: DANK Haus

What makes Helmut Grottrup famous?

Helmut Grottrup was a German rocket scientist who was part of the country’s rocket team. He contributed to the V-2 program and was also involved in the Soviet space program.

Grottrup is also famous for his contributions to computers and computer science. In particular, Grottrup pioneered the development of smart cards. technology. This type of microchip is used in credit cards or other portable devices to store information securely.

 [Source: Military History]


#13. Paul Ehmayr (1909-1993): A Pioneer in Modern Rocketry

Credits: Wikipedia; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: Wikipedia

What makes Paul Ehmayr famous?

Paul Ehmayr was an Austrian-born rocket scientist who specialized in precision mechanics. He contributed to the development of liquid-gas-powered rockets, which enabled rockets to be used as weapons.

He then worked for several companies before settling in Berlin, Germany. Here, he helped other scientists develop liquid gas-powered rockets.

His work helped make liquid-fueled rockets a more common and reliable method of propulsion. They were much easier to control than the solid fuel ones that had previously been used.

[Source: Wikipedia]

Similar Articles:

#12. Walter Dornberger (1895-1980): The German Artillery Officer Who Led the V-2 Rocket Program

Credits: Spartacus Educational
Credits: Spartacus Educational

What makes Walter Dornberger famous?

Walter Dornberger was a German scientist who led Germany’s V-2 missile program. 

After joining the German Army during World War I, he developed an interest in rocketry and became one of its most fervent advocates. 

Dornberger oversaw Germany’s rocket program during WWII. He helped lead their development of V-2 rockets—long-range ballistic missiles capable of carrying explosives.

[Source: Encyclopedia Britannica]

#11. Jack Parsons (1914-1952): The Occultist Who Pioneered Modern Rocketry

Credits: Frieze, Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: Frieze

What makes Jack Parsons famous?

Jack Parsons was an American rocket engineer who is best known for his work with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He made many contributions to the field of rocket science and engineering.

Parsons is also well-known for making a rocket engine that used composite rocket fuel.

In 1942, Parsons became one of the four people who founded Aerojet Engineering Corporation with three other men. During World War II, Aerojet was one of the first companies to make rockets for the army. 

During this time, he also joined the Thelema cult. This Aleister Crowley craze believed that humanity could be improved through sexual magic practices such as polygamy and orgies (orgy).

Even though Parsons believed in occultism, his work helped develop solid and liquid fuel rockets, which led to the rockets we use today.

[Source: Frieze]

#10. Sergei Korolev (1907-1966): The Father of Practical Astronautics

Credits: Military Review; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: Military Review

What makes Sergei Korolev famous?

Sergei Korolev was born in the Russian Empire in 1906. He was an influential Soviet engineer during the Space Race between the Soviet Union and the US.

Korolev played a key role in designing and developing the Soviet Union’s missiles and artificial satellites. His work made it possible for Yuri Gagarin to become the first person to go to space.

Korolev possessed unparalleled design integration and strategic planning skills. This is evident throughout his career. He won many honors and awards, including the Order of Lenin, which he won three times.

What’s the best Sergei Korolev quote?

“There is no such thing as an unsolvable problem.”

[Source: Encyclopedia Britannica]

Similar Articles:

#9. Bill Pickering (1910-2004): The Space Aeronautics Pioneer

Credits: European Space Agency; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: European Space Agency

What makes Bill Pickering famous?

Bill Pickering was born in Wellington, New Zealand, on December 24, 1910. He was a rocket scientist and one of the most influential people in the history of space exploration.

Bill played a fundamental role in establishing the US National Academy of Engineering. He also pioneered space exploration at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in California.

What’s the best Bill Pickering quote?

“A popular fantasy is to suppose that flying machines could be used to drop dynamite on the enemy in time of war.”

[Source: Encyclopedia Britannica]

#8. James Longuski (1951-Present): An Influential Space Mission Designer & Aeronautics Professor

Credits: Inside Outer Space; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: Inside Outer Space

What makes James Longuski famous?

When you think of famous scientists, you probably think of people like Stephen Hawking or Albert Einstein. But what about James Longuski?

Longuski is an American scientist and Purdue University professor who is best known for his contributions to space mission design. He has been influential in orbital mechanics. In this field, Longuski has developed new methods to make spacecraft more efficient and capable of longer missions. 

His work has influenced many NASA missions, including the Mars Rover Project. If you’ve ever wondered how we got man-made vehicles onto that red planet, Longuski has got you covered.

[Source: Purdue University]

#7. Frank Malina (1912-1981): A Pioneer in Rocket Science and Arts

Credits: About Space; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: About Space

What makes Frank Malina famous?

Frank Malina, an American aeronautical engineer, is best known for making the first research rocket that went to space. 

This International Space Hall of Famer lived a life of science that was full of experimentation, innovation, and achievement. Malina later moved to France because he didn’t want to be involved with weapons development.

In addition to his scientific work, he excelled in the art world. He left the US when he couldn’t continue scientific research and moved to Paris. Here, he turned to the arts. Malina established a research journal for artists and named it Leonardo.

[Source: Jet Propulsion Laboratory]

Similar Articles:

#6. Ernst Stuhlinger (1913-2008): The Rocket Scientists Who Helped NASA Develop Better Engines for Their Spacecraft

Credits: The Independent; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: The Independent

What makes Ernst Stuhlinger famous?

Ernst Stuhlinger was a rocket and atomic scientist. Born in Germany, he worked for the US Army after World War II. 

Stuhlinger was best known for developing guidance systems for the United States Army, though he also worked on other projects. He was part of Operation Paperclip, a program that brought German rocket specialists to America after World War II.

He then went to work for NASA, where he made a big difference in making ion thrusters for moving spacecraft. This technology allowed space flight to become much more efficient than before.

What’s the best Ernst Stuhlinger quote?

“The way to belief is short and easy. “The way to knowledge is long and hard.”

[Source: Wikipedia]

#5. Clarence N. Hickman (1889-1981): The Co-Developer of Bazooka

Credits: Alchetron; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: Alchetron

What makes Clarence N. Hickman famous?

Clarence N. Hickman was an American physicist known for his work on the bazooka. He attended Clark University, where he studied rocket development.

Hickman worked at Mount Wilson Observatory with Robert Goddard, another famous rocket scientist. 

They developed an early prototype of the bazooka together. The United States Army first used the bazooka during World War II.

[Source: Encyclopedia Britannica]


#4. Theodore von Karman (1881-1963): One of the Fathers of Modern Rocketry

Credits: Miller; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: Miller

What makes Theodore von Karman famous?

Most people know Theodore von Karman for his work on hypersonic and supersonic technologies in aerodynamics.

Aside from being an amazing teacher, Theodore von Karman also worked hard to advance the field of aeronautics. He created mathematical models to determine how air flows around an object when it moves through space.

Theodore von Karman made important contributions in many fields, such as mathematics and fluid dynamics, in addition to aerodynamics.

He was one of the founders of the now-famous Jet Propulsion Laboratory, located in California.

What’s the best Theodore von Karman quote?

“Scientists study the world as it is. Engineers create the world that never has been.”

[Source: Jet Propulsion Laboratory]

#3. Robert Goddard (1882-1945): The Father of Modern Rocketry

Credits: The Famous People; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: The Famous People

What makes Robert Goddard famous?

Robert Goddard was an American rocket engineer who revolutionized rocketry by developing the first rocket powered by liquid fuel.

Goddard continued working on his rockets until 1926, when he finally realized one of his dreams by launching the first liquid-fueled rocket into space. This achievement made him famous around the world and also made him one of America’s most influential scientists. 

Goddard’s work led to the development of modern rockets used for space exploration today.

What’s the best Robert Goddard quote?

“Every vision is a joke until the first man accomplishes it. Once realized, it becomes commonplace.”

[Source: NASA]

#2. Gene Kranz (1933-Present): The Flight Director of the Apollo 11 Mission That Put Neil Armstrong on the Moon

Credits: New York Post; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: New York Post

What makes Gene Kranz famous?

If you’re looking for a fascinating character to add to your mental library of great scientists, Gene Kranz is one you should consider.

Kranz is an American aerospace engineer best known for directing the Apollo 11 mission. He also was the flight director during the Gemini and other Apollo spacecraft missions.

Gene Kranz came up with the Kranz dictum, “Tough and competent.” This philosophy helped him lead the teams through some of their most difficult moments.

He won several awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom. His life has been adapted into many books and films, including Apollo 13.

What’s the best Gene Kranz quote?

“Let’s work the problem, people. Let’s not make things worse by guessing.”

[Source: Wikipedia]

#1. Wernher von Braun (1912–1977): The Space Technology Pioneer

Credits: Smithsonian Magazine; Famous Rocket Scientists
Credits: Smithsonian Magazine

What makes Wernher von Braun famous?

Wernher von Braun was a German-born space architect and engineer. He developed rockets for Nazi Germany, then moved to the United States after World War II. He was part of the rocket launch team in the US that put satellites into space, including Explorer 1—the country’s first satellite.

Von Braun is one of the most influential scientists in history. His work led to the development of technology that has since been used to send people into space many times.

What’s the best Wernher von Braun quote?

“Don’t tell me that man doesn’t belong out there. Man belongs wherever he wants to go—and he’ll do plenty well when he gets there.”

[Source: Encyclopedia Britannica]

Final Thoughts

There you have it: the top five most famous rocket scientists of all time.

Rocket science is a field that’s constantly changing. These scientists helped create some of the most cutting-edge technology in history, from space shuttles to lunar missions. Their work has opened up new worlds for humanity and helped us understand our place in space.

We hope this article has been helpful for you. If you want to learn more about any of these rocket scientists or other famous rocket scientists, we’d love to hear from you. Leave us a comment below.

Photo of author
SJ Tsai
Shen Ju Tsai (SJ) is the Chief Editor at SCIJOURNAL.org. His role involves managing a team of writers, overseeing content creation, and conducting research for content planning and keyword selection.

3 thoughts on “18 Famous Rocket Scientists That You Should Know”

  1. Hello.
    I thought you list was very good, except two names I expected were not there… I personally can’t believe this list doesn’t include Hermann Oberth, whose work was crucial to the success of Goddard, Stuhlinger, and even von Braun. The other name I was looking for was Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, who was just as influential in the Soviet Union and was a large reason they were ahead of us in the Space Race. You mentioned Jack Parsons, who I will concede did make contributions, however nowhere near those by Oberth and Tsiolkovsky.

    Have a good day.

  2. I can’t believe that JoAnn Hardin Morgan is not on the list, the woman who wrote the code to put man on the moon. I can imagine that a man would ‘forget’ her but when the article is written by a woman I the only reason forgetting I can imagine is that she looks at other articles written by men where she is not mentionned.


Leave a Comment